Brooks VR, editor. First, recognizing that there are a of ways to present the information contained in this report, the committee found it helpful to apply a life-course perspective. Some lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals are transgender; most are not.
The psychology of human sexuality
The majority of individuals affected by disorders of sex development do paclfic face challenges related to sexual orientation and gender identity, although homosexuality, gender role nonconformity, and gender dysphoria defined as discomfort with the gender ased to one at birth [see Chapter 2 ] are somewhat more prevalent among this population compared with the general population Cohen-Kettenis and Pfafflin, Hope DA, editor. Moreover, some people experience changes in their sexual attractions and relationships over the course of their life.
Differences within each of these groups related to, for example, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographic location, and age also are addressed later in the chapter.
We do not live in the idealized world described in this thought experiment, however. Oct 5, — Download Citation | Sexual Encounters: Pacific Texts, Modern Sexualities (review) | Journal of the History of Sexuality () Pacific texts, modern sexualities; Sexual encounter in Hawaii on Cook's third voyage; Marquesan encounter and male visibility; Sexual difference and the. As noted above, despite these many differences among the populations that make up the LGBT community, there are important commonalities as well.
Conceptual Frameworks In understanding the health of LGBT populations, multiple frameworks can be used to examine how multiple identities and structural arrangements intersect to influence health care access, health status, and health outcomes. For example, an adolescent coming out in would do so in a different environment than an adolescent coming out in the s.
A life-course perspective provides a useful framework for the above-noted varying health needs and experiences of an LGBT individual over the course of his or her life.
Introduction: gender and politics: a gendered world, a gendered discipline - oxford handbooks
In developing objectives to improve the health of all Americans, including LGBT esxualities, Healthy People used an ecological approach that focused on both individual-and population-level determinants of health HHS, The life-course perspective focuses on development between and within age cohorts, conceptualized within a historical context.
Only English-language articles were considered. Some transgender individuals have undergone medical interventions to alter their sexual anatomy and physiology, paciffic wish to have such procedures in the future, and still others do not. As discussed, the committee adopted the commonly used shorthand LGBT to stand for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. paper), X (pbk.: alk. Bisexual adolescents who are wrestling with coming out in a nonsupportive environment have different health needs than gay adult men who lack access to health insurance or older lesbians who sexuall unable to find appropriate grief counseling services.
Intersectionality encompasses a set of foundational claims and organizing principles for understanding social inequality and its relationship to individuals' marginalized status based on such dimensions as race, ethnicity, and social class Dill and Zambrana, ; Weber, Moreover, some people experience changes in their sexual attractions and relationships over the course of their life. Likewise, in the case of sexuallties and theory, the committee reviewed and cites older literature.
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In this world, membership in any of the groups encompassed by LGBT would carry no social stigma, engender no disgrace or personal shame, and result in no discrimination. Indeed, some of the research cited in this report demonstrates the impressive psychological resiliency displayed by members of these populations, often in the face of considerable stress. And the transgender population, which itself encompasses multiple groups, has needs and concerns that are distinct from those of lesbians, bisexual women and sexualiities, and gay men.
This group encompasses individuals whose gender identity differs from the sex originally ased to them at birth or whose gender expression varies ificantly from what is traditionally associated with or typical for that sex i.
They share the fact that their sexual orientation is not exclusively heterosexual. Although LGBT people share with the rest of society the full range of health risks, they also face a profound and poorly understood set of additional health risks due largely to social stigma. Sexual stigma and sexual prejudice in the United States: A conceptual framework, Contemporary perspectives on lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities.
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The committee's use of this framework is reflected in the discussion of stigma as a modrrn experience for LGBT populations and, in the context of this study, one that affects health. The sociology of sexualities: Queer and beyond. Lesbians, gay men, and bisexual men and women are defined according to their sexual orientation, which, as discussed in Chapter 2is typically conceptualized in terms of sexual attraction, behavior, identity, or some combination of these dimensions.
Likewise, collapsing together the experiences of bisexual women and men tends to obscure gender differences.
HHS U. These include the following: Race is a social construct. When evaluating quantitative and qualitative research, the committee considered factors affecting the generalizability of studies, including sample size, sample source, sample composition, recruitment methods, and response rate. AIDS Care. Intersectionality brings attention to the importance of multiple stigmatized identities race, ethnicity, and low socioeconomic status and to the ways in which these factors adversely affect health.
Educational level and socioeconomic status—An LGBT individual's experience in society varies depending on his or her educational level and socioeconomic status. Finally, the social ecology model McLeroy et al. The committee's statement of task is shown in Box Ssxualities, it always referred back to the original citations to evaluate the evidence.
As noted above, despite these many differences among the populations that make up the LGBT community, there are important commonalities as well. In contrast to members of many other marginalized groups, LGBT individuals frequently are invisible to health care researchers and providers. Thus, this framework reflects the committee's belief that the health status of LGBT individuals cannot be examined in terms of a one-dimensional wexualities or gender-minority category, but must be seen as shaped by their multiple identities sexualiyies the simultaneous intersection of many characteristics.
In a similar vein, the committee decided not to address research and theory on the origins of sexual orientation. ISBN, (cloth: alk.
Introduction: gender and politics: a gendered world, a gendered discipline
What is currently known about LGBT health? Although a modest body of knowledge on LGBT health has been developed over the last two decades, much remains to be explored. Since many of these variables are centrally related to health status, health concerns, and access to care, this report explicitly considers a few key pcaific of the LGBT population in each chapter: Age cohort—One's age influences one's experiences and needs.
In addition, the committee conducted an extensive review of the literature using Medline, PsycInfo, and the Social Science Citation Index see Appendix B for a list of search termsas well as other resources. The chapters that follow draw on all these conceptualizations in an effort to provide a comprehensive overview of what is known, as well as to identify the knowledge gaps.
Sexual encounters: pacific texts, modern sexualities: wallace, lee: eventstart.eu: books
In addition, the committee conducted an extensive review of the literature using Medline, PsycInfo, and the Social Science Citation Index see Appendix B for a list of search termsas well as other resources. Nevertheless, in a hierarchically organized society, some statuses become more important than others at any given historical moment and in specific geographic locations. Overcoming this invisibility in health care services and research settings encounteg a critical goal if we hope to eliminate the health disparities discussed throughout this report.
The committee believes it is essential to emphasize these differences at the outset of this report because in some contemporary scientific discourse, and in the popular media, these groups are routinely treated as a single population under umbrella terms such as LGBT. Contents, Pacific texts, modern sexualities -- Sexual encounter in Hawaii on Cook's third. Some txet studies strongly suggest that stigma can negatively affect the mental health of transgender people Bockting et al.
Race and ethnicity—Concepts of community, traditional roles, religiosity, and cultural influences associated with race and ethnicity shape an LGBT individual's experiences. At the same time, as discussed further below, these groups have many experiences in common, key among them being the experience of stigmatization.
The committee's statement paciifc task is shown in Box Sexual minority stress theory examines individuals within a social and community context and emphasizes the paific of stigma on lived experiences.